Diabetes Education in Tribal Schools

Curriculum Supplements – Middle School, Grades 5 – 8

 
A Balancing Act: Preventing Diabetes

Grades 7 – 8

The unit consists of five life science lessons for seventh and eighth graders.  Students will learn how understanding of the disease process grows slowly over time as the result of scientific investigation and the accumulation of evidence; that diabetes is a disease in which a person’s body is not able to use glucose properly; that balance between calories taken in and calories used in physical activity is particularly important; and that even small changes in a person’s lifestyle can significantly reduce his or her risk of developing chronic, debilitating diseases, such as diabetes.  In addition, students will understand that there are certain factors that increase an individual’s risk of developing diabetes along with ways to prevent or reverse the trend of increasing incidence of diabetes among the U.S. population as a whole, but specifically within the Native American population.
Lessons:

1.

History in the Making

2.

Focus on Diabetes

3.

Health is Life in Balance

4.

The Diabetes Health Care Clinic

5.

Diabetes Prevention Program

 
 
All Life is Connected: Lifestyle, Environment and Diabetes

Grades 5 – 6

The unit consists of four social studies lessons for fifth and sixth graders. Students are challenged to describe the lifestyle and environment of an earlier time by examining archival photographs (Grandmother's Treasures) from their local tribal culture. In the process of inferring the lifestyle shown in the photographs, students also explore their contemporary lifestyle and environment as a point of comparison. Type 2 diabetes is presented as one possible consequence of the changes the students identify. Through a combination of group and individual work, students explore risk factors for type 2 diabetes to determine which factors are matters of individual choice.
Lessons:

1.

Letter from Down Under

2.

Changes and Choices

3.

Anna’s Questions about Diabetes

4.

Connections

 
 
Life in Balance

Grades 7 – 8

The unit consists of four social studies lessons for seventh and eighth graders. These lessons build upon the concepts of lifestyle and environment and their relationship to prevention of type 2 diabetes. A Circle of Balance model is used to define health. Civic responsibility is woven into the activities. Students are challenged to identify choices they can make that will prevent diabetes. Students simulate participation on a School Wellness Committee and develop a presentation that proposes diabetes prevention ideas for a Community Wellness Plan. Activities are performed in groups, which deepens student understanding of the concepts.
Lessons:

1.

Civic Action and Health

2.

Diabetes and the Circle of Balance

3.

A Community Seeks Balance

4.

Your Community Needs You

 
Diabetes Education in Tribal Schools
DHHS NIH NIDDK