Diabetes Education in Tribal Schools

Curriculum Supplements – Elementary School, Grades pre-K – 4

 
Exploring Health and Foods

Grades pre-K & K

Students participate in active learning exercises to develop a concept of health and being healthy. They explore the varieties of healthy foods and the ideas of food groups and eating appropriate quantities.
 
 
What is Healthy Life in Balance?

Grades 1 – 2

Students build their understandings of health through a comparison exercise, and then explore the idea of health is life in balance.  The students use a plate-balancing model with representations of areas in life that need to be in balance, and demonstrate how excesses or deficits in one area unbalance the whole. Students identify and illustrate messengers who help them stay healthy and apply the concepts of health and balance to a story of a child’s everyday activities.
Lessons:

1.

What Helps a Person Be Healthy?

2.

Myself in Balance

3.

What is Balance?

4. Let’s Move – The Round Dance

5.

Milo’s Family – A Message of Good Health

 
 
Exploring the Food Groups

Grades 1 – 2

Students will identify and sort foods and explain similarities and differences between foods.  Students will explore the food groups on MyPyramid for Kids and compare their food groups to the scientists’ food groups. Exploring each color of MyPyramid for Kids will reinforce the importance of eating foods from all food groups everyday and of choosing more foods from some groups than others.  Students will be reminded to be physically active every day and make healthy food choices.
Lessons:

1.

Creating Our Own Food Groups

2.

Introducing Scientists’ Food Groups

3.

Let’s Have a Pizza Party

4. Physical Activity is Important Too
5. Linking the Food Groups with Physical Activity, and the Round Dance

6.

What I Know About Eating and Exercise

 
 
Diabetes is an Imbalance in the Body 

Grades 1 – 2

Students will participate in a number of activities to understand the concept of disease and to learn specifically about diabetes.  Specific activities to emphasize include developing a definition for disease, comparing diabetes to a cold as two types of bodily imbalance, and a story in which students learn that eating healthy foods and staying physically active can help people stay healthy.

Lessons:

1.

What Does It Mean to Have an Imbalance

2.

What is Disease

3.

Comparing Diabetes

4.

Lowering the Risk of Getting Diabetes

5.

What I Learned About Diabetes

 
 
Balancing the Body’s Needs 

Grades 1 – 2

Students will understand that nutritious food, water, and a balance of rest and physical activity are linked with growth. Through physical and sensory activities, they explore how body clues help us recognize when we need food, water, rest, and exercise for balance.  They listen to and discuss stories to identify messengers who give them scientific and cultural knowledge to maintain a healthy balance.
Lessons:

1.

When Do We Do Things that Keep Us Healthy and Strong

2.

Balancing the Body’s Needs

3.

The Body’s Need for Play and Physical Activity

4.

The Role the Senses Play in Making Food Choices

 
 
Exploring a Healthy Balance

Grades 3 – 4

The unit will help students to understand that their overall health consists of many areas that work together.  Students will explore the four areas of their lives (food, water, rest, and exercise) that promote good health when working together in harmony.  Participation in the Round Dance and story discussion are used to explore the importance of people in our lives who give us wisdom.  Concepts of diabetes and glucose are introduced.

Lessons:

1.

The Gift of Trees

2.

Messengers

3.

What is Diabetes? How to find out more.

4.

Let’s Move – The Round Dance

5.

My Health Message for Others

 
 
Being Smart about Being Healthy 

Grades 3 – 4

Students will develop the skills they need to become informed consumers by learning to evaluate products and understand the motivation behind the commercial messages they continually see and hear.  Skills for making good choices are learned by identifying food groups, nutrients, and portion sizes and by learning to read food labels. In learning about healthy food choices and the importance of being physically active every day, students will acquire the skills to prevent obesity and diabetes.
Lessons:

1.

Recognizing Tricky Treats

2.

Becoming a Smart Eater; Becoming a Smart Consumer

3.

Practice Thinking Critically and Making Good Food Choices

4.

A Celebration of Community Diversity

 
 
Exploring Diabetes

Grade 3 – 4

After reading Knees Lifted High, students will discuss why we eat, and explore the digestive process. They will be asked to think like scientists as they investigate how the body uses food.   They will use graphic organizers to construct the sequence by which food becomes glucose, and depict how the cell draws in glucose from the bloodstream. With greater understanding of the concept of diabetes as, “having too much glucose in the bloodstream” and how diabetes occurs in the body, students will explain how they can keep themselves healthy and physically active every day.
Lessons:

1.

Why Do We Eat?

2.

How Does Our Body Use Food?

3.

Millions of Cells – The Body

4.

The Pancreas

5.

How Glucose Works in the Body

6.

Our Bodies Use Food to Stay Healthy

 
 
Harvesting Our Mother Earth

Grade 3 – 4

Students will explore the concept of energy balance, in which the amount of energy in (from food and drinks) and the amount of energy out (from growth and activity) supports natural growth without promoting excess weight gain. This lesson promotes healthier food and exercise choices in students by comparing the traditional diet and active lifestyle of early hunter-gatherer ancestors to our present American diet, recognizing science and traditional wisdom, and exploring present day food and activity choices.
Lessons:

1.

Balance The Food You Eat with Activities You Do

2.

Traditional Native American Foods and Activities

3.

What Keeps Us Healthy?

4.

Scientific Knowledge and Traditional Wisdom

5.

Food Content of Traditional and Refined Foods

 
Diabetes Education in Tribal Schools
DHHS NIH NIDDK